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Education Sciences Collection

Série Memória e Sociedade

O Despertar do Associativismo Docente em Portugal

Rogério Fernandes
Authors, Editors
2010
Year of edition
972-8881-87-0
ISBN

Synopsis – [The Awakening of Teacher Associations in Portugal].
It is essential to outline the profile of a professional class whose historical trajectory contributes to identifying its culture in the successive fields in which it has acted. As in other professions, the historical precedents of Teacher Unionism encompass an initial associativist path, during which Teachers free themselves from tendencies towards the expression of merely individual interests and the inability to find common points of economic and deontological interests, leading subsequently to the Unionist path, responsible for defending professional and career interests, while also producing a pedagogical culture originating from school praxis and associated with the epistemological communities that have been established in the meantime.

A Associação Portuguesa de Professores de Inglês – memórias e testemunhos

Maria Manuel Calvet Ricardo (org.)
Authors, Editors
2011
Year of edition
978-989-8512-03-1
ISBN

Synopsis – [The Portuguese Association of English Teachers – Memories and Testimonies].
"The 1980s were a period of constructing a new political, economic, and sociocultural framework in Portugal across various social sectors and levels. Recently emerged from a political regime that had stifled the country for about four decades, the Portuguese faced the challenges resulting from the change in political regime after April 25th. The social-democratic conceptions of the "State" and "human nature" associated with Keynesian social democracy, then prevalent in Western Europe, became reference points, particularly the "egalitarianism" that aimed to minimize class differences in Portuguese society and the new rights to "well-being" and "education." It is in this context that the associative movement of teachers of a non-union nature emerged, with the Portuguese Association of English Teachers (APPI) being a paradigmatic and unique case of this movement: paradigmatic because, like other disciplinary areas, English teachers joined in a "community of pedagogical-didactic practices" in their area of expertise, and unique because, as I will seek to show, the APPI had specific characteristics." (Maria Emília Galvão)

O imperativo Republicano em debate

José Viegas Brás & Maria Neves Gonçalves
Authors, Editors
2011
Year of edition
978-989-8512-10-9
ISBN

Synopsis – [The Republican Imperative Under Debate].
Republicanism gives us the possibility to savor time in a different way. As time passed, republicanism created. With it, the filling of time gained existential meaning, making reality blend with dreams. With it, the will for the future was born, turbulent for sure, but with the desire to bring about existence, to make things be in a different way, flowing in search of a new course. Republicanism was a process with ontological roots. Much changed with time, and much remained in time. It is true that everything could have been different, but we cannot reverse the course of what happened, relive it, geometrically perfecting what went wrong, erasing mistakes, and eternalizing potentialities. But we can, in another time, in our time, celebrate the value of dialogue, learning and reflecting on what happened in another space-time. Republicanism is a sea of currents and ripples. The important thing is that all these sensitivities have the possibility of teaching us to be future-oriented. The book presented here gathers some voices and perspectives on the First Republic, a foundational period in our national history, as part of the celebrations of the Centenary of the Portuguese Republic.

Os Congressos Pedagógicos do Ensino Secundário Oficial (1927-1931)

Anabela Mimoso & Bento Cavadas
Authors, Editors
2013
Year of edition
978-989-851-255-0
ISBN

Synopsis – [The Pedagogical Congresses of Official Secondary Education (1927-1931)]. As António Nóvoa has well shown us, teacher associationism historically represented one of the most important steps towards the professionalization of teaching. This associationism, of which congresses are an example, along with the activity of the associations themselves and pedagogical press, allowed for the creation of a favorable intellectual and affective context for the socialization of teachers in the beliefs and values ​​specific to the profession, thus contributing to the diffusion of a sense of belonging to the same symbolic community. The teacher association movement has its roots in the 19th century. It was in this century that the Revista dos Liceus (1891-1896), directed by Borges Grainha, was published, the first to address the specific interests of secondary education teachers. However, it was in the 20th century that the first representative organization of this sector emerged: the Association of Official Secondary Education (1904).

The pedagogical congresses held in the transition from the 1920s to the 1930s, studied by Anabela Mimoso and Bento Cavadas, appear, in some way, and paradoxical as it may seem, as a high point in the associative journey and, simultaneously, as its point of retreat. The political context gradually becomes more unfavorable as the institutionalization of the Estado Novo (New State) becomes increasingly effective. It is in these turbulent times that teachers discuss topics such as the role of secondary education, teacher training, textbooks, inspection, career progression, among others, analyzed in detail by the authors, who also seek to reflect on the geography of the congresses, their agenda, the identity of the participants, or the weight of female representation.

This is an essential work, from now on, to understand a moment that has entered the mythology of teacher professionalization.

Percursos do Associativismo e do Sindicalismo Docentes em Portugal 1890-1990

Rosa Serradas Duarte; Maria Manuel Calvet Ricardo & Maria de Lurdes Silva (org.)
Authors, Editors
2013
Year of edition
978-989-851-257-4
ISBN

Synopsis – [Paths of Teacher Associationism and Unionism in Portugal 1890-1990]. 

The way in which, in 1974, the right to citizenship was conquered and the process of professionalization of teaching began still marks indelibly today the professional culture of teachers and how they relate to education administration and educational partners. 

Many of these issues are debated and explored in depth in this book, the result of a research project developed within the scope of the Interdisciplinary Research Center on Education and Development (CeiED), funded by the Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT), initially under the responsibility of Rogério Fernandes, mentor of many generations of researchers and a friend who left us prematurely, and later by Rosa Serradas Duarte, herself a prominent unionist for three decades, who led the project with sensitivity and determination to its completion.

The work produced by the team constitutes an important contribution to the understanding of the teaching profession and the collective action of teachers in Portugal. Many issues remain to be addressed, and new research questions are raised for future projects. 

Teachers (and education) are experiencing difficult times, the result of a set of conjunctural and structural problems affecting contemporary societies, with particular emphasis in Europe. The definition of new utopias for political action in the field of education and training, the construction of new educational projects for human emancipation, the renewal of teachers' pedagogical practices in the search for a delicate balance between the struggle for equality and respect for difference, requires an in-depth knowledge of teachers' thinking, how they construct their identities, and how they act individually and collectively. And this will surely be a field of future research.